italia colosseum

Colosseum Architecture

The Colosseum Architecture

Colosseum is an elliptical shape building with a short axis of 156m, and a long one of 188m. It stood 50 meters high, 190 meters long, and 156 meters wide. The structure of the Colosseum was built of several different materials: travertine blocks were used for load-bearing pillars, and external walls, stairs, and radial walls were constructed from blocks and bricks of tufa. Arches and vaults supported the structure solidly. According to some calculations, the Colosseum could accommodate between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators. It had 80 entries and exits, 76 of which were used by ordinary citizens, while the remaining four were intended for the emperor, political and religious authorities, and the protagonists of the spectacles.

inside the colosseum

Colosseum Inside

As with stadiums today, everyone who entered the Colosseum had a ticket corresponding to the number above one of the entry gates. The ticket also indicated obligatory pathways led to the tiers of seats. The public seating (cavea) was divided based on a social class. The cavea was divided in 5 sectors which were seperated by corridors. The seats closest to arena were reserved for senators. Knights and other social categories occupied the upper stands, while the highest sector, also known as summa cavea, was intended for the plebs.  The complex was designed not only to control the crowds, but to keep them comfortable. It had 110 drinking fountains and two restrooms large enough to accommodate a packed house.  The Coliseum even had a retractable roof. On hot days an awning called a velarium was unfurled above the upper deck to shade spectators from the Sun. It was operated by sailors from the Roman Navy who were stationed around the top of the Colosseum’s arcade. The Arena floor was wood covered with sand. Bellow Arena was hypogeum, a extensive grid of tunnels and  corridors as well as cellars  which are still visible today in the middle of the construction. Cellars were used as chambers for the gladiators, slaves, weapons, equipment needed for the games and the cages for the animals. Construction contained lifts operated by pulleys and ropes which led directly to the arena through the trap doors. Read more about Colosseum history. If you want to buy the Colosseum tickets, we have the best deals here.

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Enjoy a fully guided tours trough Rome Colosseum history

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Colosseum Arena Floor Tour

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Enter the Colosseum on the ground floor and walk onto the Arena floor through the gladiator’s gate. Experience the excitement of standing there like a real gladiator. With priority access, you can access the second tier and learn about the life of ancient Romans and gladiator fights during this thrilling tour.

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Skip The Line

Colosseum Guided Tour

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Book this guided tour and discover the symbol of Rome – the magnificent Colosseum. Be awed by its grandeur as you wander through the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill, where emperors once roamed. Let a passionate guide bring ancient Rome alive, revealing the intriguing secrets of its iconic ruins!

colosseum and forum

Supporting Buildings

There was many other buildings around Colosseum which were linked to games. On the east side there was a famous training school for gladiators, called Ludus Magnus. The school was connected with Amphitheater with underground corridor to allow gladiators easy access.  Several other schools were also placed in the same area: Ludus Matutinus – training school for fighters and animals,  Gallic  school and Dacian School. Some of the other supporting buildings nearby were the Spoliarium, a place where bodies of dead gladiators were disposed. Armamentarium used for weapons storing, the Summum Choragium, where machinery was stored an the Sanitarium, which was used to treat wounded gladiators.

Did you know that the infamous Emperor Julius Caesar never set foot inside the Arena

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Colosseum Underground Tour

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Explore the hidden area of the Colosseum with this unique Underground Tour. Get privileged access to sections of the Colosseum that are unavailable with a standard ticket. Walk through the corridor used by gladiators to enter the underground area. Discover chambers, cages for wild animals, traps, weapon storage, and tunnels beneath the floor leading to the Arena.

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Combo Tour

Colosseum & Vatican Tour

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Join this Colosseum and Vatican tour for a day of history and wonders! See the Sistine Chapel's beauty, feel the Colosseum's grandeur, and stroll through the ancient Roman Forum. Easy and memorable, exactly what you need to discover Rome's heart in the best way!